The substructure provides the support to the superstructure transferring any loads to the soil; this includes the foundations. The specification will be dependent on the building’s intended use and the recommendations of a structural engineer based on design plans from an architect. Beams, columns and foundations require careful consideration to avoid a collapse. General cement or reinforced cement concrete form much of the substructure with stones, bricks or further concrete applied until the base meets the plinth level. Lastly, the application of a damp proofing course to limit moisture penetrating the building in the future.